Psilocybin mushrooms, are a polyphyletic, informal group of fungi that contain psilocybin and psilocin. Biological genera containing psilocybin mushrooms include Copelandia, Gymnopilus, Inocybe, Panaeolus, Pholiotina, Pluteus, and Psilocybe.
Psilocybin (4-phosphoryloxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine) and psilocin are chemical compounds obtained from certain types of dried or fresh hallucinogenic mushrooms. Psilocybin is classified as an indole-alkylamine (tryptamine).
After ingesting Psilocybin, it gets broken down into psilocin, an active chemical. Once psilocin reaches the brain, it prevents the reuptake of serotonin, the neurotransmitter that affects our mood, social behavior, memory, and sexual desire.
It provides feelings of euphoria and sensory distortion that are common to hallucinogenic drugs, such as LSD. One can experience disturbing hallucinations, anxiety, and panic from using the drug.
Psilocybin, causes a stronger communication between the parts of the brain that are normally disconnected from each other.
According to researchers from Imperial College London, this type of psilocybin-induced brain activity is similar to what’s seen with dreaming and enhanced emotional being.
The first evidence of magic mushroom use goes as far back as 10,000 BCE, where cave paintings in Australia suggest that mushroom-induced trances were a part of indigenous culture there.
Deep in the mountain ranges of Tassili, Algeria, there are ancient rock carvings of a stunning and ethereal nature. Historians estimate that they were made anywhere from 4,000-7,000 years BCE
Pillars of tombs in ancient Egypt are shaped like giant mushrooms, some like Amanita and some like Psilocybe. In the Egyptian Book of the Dead, mushrooms are called “the food of the gods,” “celestial food,” and “flesh of the gods.”
The word teonanácatl has been variously translated as "sacred or divine mushroom" or as "flesh of the gods". These mushrooms, considered holy sacraments by the Aztecs, were consumed during spiritual and divinatory rituals to induce hallucinatory visions.
The default mode network is thought to be involved in several different functions: It is potentially the neurological basis for the self: Autobiographical information: Memories of collection of events and facts about one's self.
Analyzing the effects of psilocybin on brain wave oscillation and blood flow, they found that when the DMN was inactive, an alternate network of consciousness seemed to arise.
Psychedelics affect different aspects of consciousness in fundamentally different ways provides evidence against the unidimensional view of consciousness, and instead provides strong support for a multidimensional conception of conscious states.
A single high dose of psilocybin, administered to properly screened individuals in a carefully controlled setting, can have lasting positive effects on emotional functioning in healthy individuals.
Dutch researchers has found that psilocybin, doesn’t just increase a person’s creativity, empathy, and feeling of well-being while a user trips. It also allows them to experience all of those benefits for up to seven days.
Ganzfeld-experiments in the Netherlands have proven that people under influence of magic mushrooms are far better capable of telepathically transferring their thoughts to someone else than usual.
The reason for this experiment with shrooms was the traditional use in Indian cultures in South-America. Among them the link between these mushrooms and clairvoyance or telepathy is considered obvious.
In McKenna's Stoned Ape hypothesis," he posited that as humans began to migrate to new areas, at some point they came upon psychedelic mushrooms growing in cow droppings, as is their wont, and then ate them.
According to fungi expert Paul Stamets, mycelia are highly intelligent structures. They spread out and respawn, forming massive networks. Mycelia are made up of rigid cell walls, which allow them to move through soil and tough environments.